1925 was a new and changed period
of Afghanistan when Radio Kabul started broadcasting different
programs. A special role was played in the liberty and freedom
of the Afghan media by the Constitution of Afghanistan 1964
and the Press Law 1965. There were about 19 newspapers closed
due to certain confinements in 1973.
The color TV started telecasting its programs in 1978. Taliban
provoked the termination of TVs in 1998 calling the media against
the Shariat Law. However, Northern Afghanistan was running its
TV with the name “Badakhshan Television”. It was
estimated that there were more than 5000 people of Afghanistan
who watched this channel within 3 hours daily. In short, the
Afghani media kept on stark till 2001.
Currently, the sale of newspapers is low in Afghanistan due
to lack of education. There are several newspapers that are
censored or cannot bear the expense of printing press. Some
of the popular public newspapers are Anis, Arman-e-Melli, Eslah,
Kabuk Times, Cheragh, etc. and private newspapers are under
the control of Afghan Group of Newspapers. Nowadays, there are
about 500 registered issues in Afghanistan.
Several Radio stations are there with Shortwave, AM and FM.
It is broadcasted in Pashto, Persian, Urdu and English languages.
Radio Kabul was banned for several years and restored its broadcasting
in 2001. Arman FM is a private radio network and these days,
it is gaining popularity among the youth in Afghanistan. A statistical
report says that there are 175 radio stations working in Afghanistan
As far as the television set up in Afghanistan is concerned,
ARIA TV is particularly watched by the kids and youngsters.
MOBY Group states that their income has reached $20 million.
Afghanistan National Television was banned in 1996, but restarted
its programs in 2002. It is owned by the government. Tolo TV
is the most popular among Afghanis.
The number of internet users is also going up in Afghanistan
and an estimate reveals that there were one million people connected
to the internet in 2009.