Pakistani Newspapers TV &
TV and Radio are considered to be an
open media and it is gaining popularity
day by day. People have got an inspiration
from newspapers, T.V channels and radio
programs. Christine Fair of the Rand
Corporation states that Pakistani sources
of media are playing an exemplary role
in spreading the awareness and information.
19th and half the of 20th century, Arab
media were not strong because of lack
of literacy. In the period of 1839 to
1912, a Jewish person named Yaacov belonging
to Egypt, first time, issued a newspaper
with the objective to spread their cultural
ethics. Likewise, Jamal-al-Din-al-Afghani
and Muhammad Abduh printed a paper in
Paris named Al-Uruwa Al-Wuthqa. It was
the first step towards the liberal paper.
The Arab intellects gathered in the
American University Beirut and requested
to establish the Islamic Political system.
Later, other newspapers in Damascus,
Haifa, Zionism, Jaffa, etc. also defended
has the evolving media with the millions
of newspapers and TV channels. Its newspaper
market is the largest one round the
whole world. It is considered the oldest
media as well.
Print media in India began working in
1780. Nowadays, according to an estimate,
above 70,000 newspapers are being sold.
More than 700 satellite channels are
there in India. The Bengal Gazette was
the first main newspaper that James
Augustus published in 1780. With the
passage of time, other newspapers also
appeared on the scene such as The India
Gazette, The Madras Gazette, The Bombay
Herald, etc. It is said that Bombay
Samachar is still the oldest newspaper
in all over Asia and it is printed in
newspapers, radio and television media
are published basically in two languages,
i.e. Pashto and Dari. During the period
of 1996-2001, Afghani media was under
the authority of the Taliban government.
Presently, it is on the way of liberty
The name of the first newspaper in Afghanistan
is Siraj-ul-Akhbar. It was printed first
time in 1906 and its editor was Abd-al-Rauf.
But, it stopped publishing soon and
restored its working again in 1911.
It was published by Mahmud Tarzi who
was the head of Afghani News Media.
During the reign of Amanullah Khan,
its name was changed to “Aman-i-Afghan”
and it started working for the government.
Meanwhile many other newspapers started
working on a small level privately.
Newspapers, Radio and TV channels
are serving on a large scale. Several
companies own the copyrights of their
published material. It is spreading
and many companies have merged with
each other, thus making multinational
media. They are running as per rules
devised by the American Federal Government.
Some industries have also monopoly
all over the media. According to an
estimate made by the Reporters without
Borders, in 2012, the US was at the
47th number among 179 nations slowing
down the progress.
Many of the American Radio stations
are private and commercial. The NPR
(National Public Radio) is the public
radio station. Radio broadcasting
in the USA has been categorized into
FM and AM. Satellite Radio is also
getting a great favor day by day.
Two largest Satellite Radio Stations
are Sirius Satellite Radio & XM
Satellite Radio. Presently, their
merger has taken place into Sirius
XM Radio. Earlier in 1970, FCC (Federal
Communications Commission) was allowed
to issue one license of FM and AM
to one company on a local level while
7 AM and FM Radio Stations were allowed
on a national level more...
United Kingdom has a strong communication
network with a large number of newspapers,
radio stations and television channels.
The largest and the most popular all
over the world is BBC (British Broadcasting
Corporation). Others include many
regional as well as national sources
of media. An estimate reveals that
there are 240 local and territorial
newspapers in the UK. Out of the national
newspapers, the most sold ones are
The Daily Mirror and The Sunday Mirror
the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries,
the French media were restricted by
the government. However, it evolved
rapidly and nowadays; the print media
are publishing its material with the
liberty under the rules of the French
In France, currently, there is no
trend of print media as much and people
are rather interested in broadcasting
and internet. The history shows that
in the period of 1939-45, the newspapers
were widely used, but when the 2nd
World War came to an end, there was
a sale of 6 million newspapers by
28 press companies collectively. Later
in 1950s, the number of readers became
half and its decline started more...
we go into the history of German media,
we get to know that Germany was a
dual lane till the period of 1990.
First newspaper published in the 17th
century. Now, there are 354 daily
newspapers printed and sold out. All
regional, local and national newspapers
collectively comprise 1512 approximately.
According to an estimate of 2008,
the insight of daily publications
has gone down from 79% to 72% in Germany.
The circulation of newspapers was
recorded about 20.2 million in 2008.
The names of famous newspapers are
BILD, Welt, Frankfurter Allgemeine
Zeitung, Tageszeitung, Frankfurter
Rundschau, etc. Some of these papers
are liberal while others are traditional
and restricted as well. more...